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Full set diving equipments needed for scuba diving:

full set diving equipments

SCUBA is Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus, it divides into open-circuit and closed-circuit, regulator first stage will transform the compressed air high pressure of tank to the normal pressure, which is suitable for divers to breath underwater with regulator second stage.

Scuba gear is used by divers when they dive underwater to explore the underwater world. This gear enables them to continue with their normal body functions like breathing, seeing and moving normally and comfortably just as if they were on land. For people who are interested in scuba diving whether technical or recreational diving, there are several diving equipment one should get in order to enjoy the experience fully. The equipment vary with the type of diving one would wish to take part in as recreational diving requires different equipment from technical diving or snorkeling. The various equipment necessary for diving are buoyancy compensator device, regulator 1st/2nd stage, octopus, diving gauge, scuba tank, diving computer, diving mask, snorkel, fins, weights, hood, gloves, boots, diving knife, flashlight, signal tube, lift bag etc. The various roles that are played by this equipment are discussed in detail below.

Scuba BCD
A scuba bcd refers to a buoyancy control device which forms part of the scuba equipment. It is used for establishing positive and neutral buoyancy on the water surface and underwater respectively. By adjusting the air volume in the bladder (the bladder is contained in the bcd worn by divers) the equipment is able to control buoyancy. The gas coming from the tank or from the mouth of the diver is used to fill the bladder.

Regulator First Stage

A regulator is the component of the scuba kit that allows the diver to breath while they are underwater. The regulator first stage is the part that attaches to the tank on the diver’s back through a fitting of either DIN or Yoke. The regulator is charged with the task of ensuring that air pressure is regulated as it leaves the tank before getting into the air hose. The first stage often has one high pressure pot and four other lower pressure pots.

Regulator Second Stage
The second stage regulator contains the purge valve and the mouthpiece. The function of this regulator is to ensure that air is delivered into the mouth of the diver and also ensure that any waste air or any other object is removed from the mouth as need be. The exhaust valve or the purge button is the valve that is usually one-way and that allows the exhaled air to leave usually this is the part where bubbles emerge from. The purge button is equally useful as it permits the diver to force any water that could have gotten into the second stage using air from the tank. This button is very easy to use and works even from the pressure of one finger. The mouthpiece ought to fit well in the diver’s mouth to avoid discomfort during the diving.

Diving gauge
A diving gauge offers the diver with the pressure, depth and compass configurations. They help the diver monitor easily the time that they have being underwater, the depth at which they dive as well as the rate of both ascent and descent. They are available in both the analog and digital format to help the diver read them in different conditions. There are some types of diving gauges that are paired with some computer consoles and also oxygen sensors to aid the diver detect any dive issues that have a potential of occurring like decompression sickness and oxygen toxicity. They have a Maximum Depth Indicator (MDI) that marks the deepest depth a diver reached on their dive and this feature assists in collecting information on a number of repetitive dives.

Scuba tank
Refers to a gas cylinder that is used to store and also transport high pressurized breathing gas for a scuba diver. It forms an important component of a scuba dive kit. The scuba diver gets this gas from the scuba tank via the diving regulator’s demand valve.

Neoprene wetsuits

Wetsuits are useful garments made for people who spend their time in water environment. They work especially well in maintaining thermal insulation and enhancing buoyancy, adding safety and comfort for the individual wearing the suit. The main material in wetsuits is neoprene, it keeps water out of the body as you engage in your water based activities, and thickness varies in 2mm, 3mm, 5mm, 6mm, 7mm etc.

Diving Mask Snorkel
This is also another integral component of the scuba diving equipment that enables divers to breathe naturally even while underwater. The mask is large enough to cover the whole face thereby allowing the diver to breath naturally and as easily as if they were on the surface. It offers the diver an unobstructed field of vision at 180 degrees as it does not obstruct the diver’s view. Exhaled air is also easily expelled from the mask as fast as it is excreted from the diver’s mouth via a tube meant for this purpose.

Diving Fins
Scuba diving fins are very important as they enable the divers to easily propel themselves while underwater. There are several types of diving fins based on their appearance. There are those that are paddle shaped to provide finning techniques that are more advanced owing to their paddle-like shape. There are those diving fins that are split with the aim of mimicking some marine mammal fins and these reduce the effort required on the diver’s leg in order for them to push their bodies forward in water.

Diving Gloves
Diving gloves are usually worn on the hands of the diver as the name suggests. They usually keep the diver’s hands warm and enable one to use their camera easily while underwater and they also enable them to feel their valves in case of a shutdown. They should be well sealed and closely fit the hands to ensure that water does not get inside while at the same time offering the diver with the maximum warmth and flexibility possible. The best quality ought to have a good print on the outside to ensure the diver gets a good grip as well as make the gloves durable.

Diving knife

diving knife is just a functional tool used for scuba diving when you get entangled while underwater, we have titanium and stainless steel material for the blade, and diving knife has two distinct cutting edges. One is usually smooth while the other can be serrated.

Diving flashlight

diving flashlight is a portable electric torch gives large lumens of light by bulb or leds, it helps scuba diver to read figures on the diving gauge or diving computer, gives signal to diving collegues in deep water, used for dark places of wrecks and caves.

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